7- special issues of religious cities with emphasis on Mashhad metropolis:

Essence and quiddity of Islamic city; management system in Islamic city; the process and emerging cases of Islamic values in the Islamic city; characteristics and components of Iranic-Islamic city; issues and challenges facing Iran's urban planning and architecture; rules and regulations of Iranic-Islamic urban planning and architecture; spatial organization and physical structure of the Iranian-Islamic city; authentic model of Islamic city; the role of cultural, political and economical issues in constructing Iranic-Islamic city; Islamic ideal city (theories, principles, etc.); characteristic of Islamic city in the original texts of Islam; level of realization of Islamic architecture and urban development in Mashhad; the relation of Mashhad to the Islamic city (past, present and future), a review and evaluation of Islamic urban planning and architecture in post-revolution; solutions to achieve safe city in Mashhad; Mashhad metropolis and strategic planning; Astan-e Quds Razavi and urban management in Mashhad; ownerships and urban development projects in the city of Mashhad; tourism in Mashhad and strategies to achieve the desired point; pilgrims and Mashhad; host culture; beautification and urban furniture in Mashhad; geography of Mashhad and its development consequences; geopolitics and economic situation of Mashhad in the region and techniques to utilize this opportunity; Mashhad and sustainable development; identity elements of Mashhad; political and security challenges facing Mashhad; Mashhad metropolis and the problem of slum or informal settlements; cultural- social effects of refugees from neighboring countries; financial resource management and strategies to increase municipal revenue, transportation, and urban traffic problems; political economy of Mashhad; the status of dynamic jurisprudence in realization of Iranic- Islamic.city.